In a recent update, the Immigration Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) has broadened its range of accepted language tests for Canadian immigration. Effective January 30th, 2024, the Pearson Test of English (PTE) Core is now an approved test for various immigration pathways, excluding the Student Direct Stream (SDS).
Eligibility Across Immigration Programs
This development implies that candidates in the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP), those participating in Express Entry managed programs, and individuals requiring a language test for diverse Canadian immigration purposes (excluding SDS) – including Canadian citizenship applications – can opt for the PTE Core.
Understanding the Pearson Test of English (PTE) Core
The PTE Core is a computer-based language test tailored to assess general English proficiency for Canadian immigration. This comprehensive is used to evaluate the candidate’s English skills, encompassing speaking, writing, reading, and listening, all within a stringent two-hour timeframe. With testing centers spanning over 400 locations worldwide, candidates have convenient access to the PTE Core.
The PTE Core comprises three main sections:
- Speaking and Writing (50 minutes)
- Reading (30 minutes)
- Listening (30 minutes)
Transition from PTE Essential to PTE Core
The introduction of the PTE Core marks the replacement of the previously accepted PTE Essential test for Canadian immigration. Candidates must note that Pearson, similar to other approved language testing organizations, provides multiple types of tests, such as PTE Academic. As a result, immigration candidates should ensure they undertake the correct test aligned with their chosen program.
Comparative Analysis: PTE Core vs. Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB)
For a comprehensive understanding, let’s delve into a comparative analysis between the PTE Core and the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB). The table below illustrates score comparisons for different language tests.
Diverse Accepted Language Tests
The inclusion of the PTE Core expands the repertoire of accepted language tests by IRCC for immigration purposes. The five approved tests now include:
- CELPIP General Test (English)
- IELTS General Training (English)
- PTE Core (English)
- TEF Canada (French)
- TCF Canada (French)
All these tests evaluate language abilities across reading, writing, listening, and speaking. Candidates must meet specific criteria within these four skills based on the program they apply for.
Tailored Criteria for Different Immigration Programs
The criteria for language proficiency vary based on the chosen immigration program. For instance, The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) requires a minimum CLB level of 7, while the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP) needs a minimum CLB level of 5 for speaking and listening and a minimum score of for reading and writing.
On the other hand, candidates applying under the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) need either a minimum CLB level 7 or level 5 across all language abilities, depending on the National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill level of their job. The acceptance of the PTE Core by IRCC signifies a more inclusive approach, providing candidates with additional options to demonstrate their language proficiency for Canadian immigration. Aspiring immigrants should carefully choose the test aligned with their specific immigration goals and program requirements.