According to new data from Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC), 124,950 temporary residents transitioned from temporary to permanent residence status in 2022. The numbers show permanent residence transitions among those who last held a study permit, temporary foreign worker permit, international mobility permit, or work permit under the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP). In the event that potential permanent residents decide to apply for permanent residency, these programs may provide them with an advantage. In a recent study conducted by Statistics Canada, it was found that temporary foreign workers have established roots in their communities and are able to integrate into the labour market much more easily.
The applicants may also be able to deepen their knowledge of English or French by spending time in Canada before applying for PR, putting them in a better position to earn more than those applicants who do not speak either language before or after they arrive in the country.
International Mobility Program (IMP)
A total of 97,665 people became permanent residents after they transitioned from the Immigrant Migrant Program (IMP), which covers a wide range of work permits that do not require a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA).
It was found that 52,725 holders of Post Graduate Work Permits (PGWPs) became permanent residents under the IMP, which represents the largest number of IMP participants who became permanent residents.
According to the PGWP, newly graduated international students in Canada are eligible to reside and work in any part of the country for up to three years (depending upon the length of the program in which they studied) if they have completed their program at a designated learning institution in the country.
Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP)
From the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), 7,555 people transitioned to permanent residency (PR). In order to qualify for the TFWP, employers must obtain an Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada in order to hire foreign workers. The LMIA proves whether hiring foreign workers will have a positive or negative effect on the Canadian workforce.
Study Permit Holders
Also, according to the 2022 data, 19,730 new permanent residents held a study permit at the time of their last permanent residence.
Over 800,000 international students are now studying in Canada each year. As part of the first step in getting a permanent residency permit, you need to gain Canadian work experience through a PGWP. For candidates who meet the criteria for an economic class pathway, it is still possible to transition directly from a study permit to PR. In addition, this is also true for those who are sponsored by a family program or are sponsored by a humanitarian organization.
Changing From TR to PR Can Be Easier With Economic Immigration Programs
It should be noted that there are many economic immigration programs that reward candidates with Canadian work and study experience. For example, a candidate within the Express Entry application management system will receive an additional point in the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) for having worked or studied in Canada.
Some of the most prominent pathways to permanent residency include Regional Economic Immigration Programs such as the Atlantic Immigration Program or the Rural and Northern Immigration Pilot Program, as well as programs that target specific labour shortages, such as caregiver pathways.
TR to PR Transitions Lower in 2022
According to Statistics Canada, in 2022 there will be fewer temporary residents who become permanent residents than there will be in 2021. In the past year alone, 157,695 people who had been in Canada under the IMP became permanent residents, while 10,985 came from the Temporary Foreign Workers Program. Of the new permanent residents, 22,680 were study permit holders.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, border closures and travel restrictions made it more difficult for newcomers to immigrate as permanent residents from abroad. IRCC then focused on potential PR’s already living in Canada. This is one measure that was taken in February 2021 when the IRCC held the largest-ever Express Entry draw of 27,332 candidates in the CEC-only category.
For candidates in the Federal Skilled Worker Program and Federal Skilled Trades Program, IRCC paused Express Entry draws in January 2021. It is important to note that despite this, the department continues to conduct draws for candidates in the Canadian Experience Class (CEC) and Provincial Nominee Program up to September 2021. Applicants for the CEC must have had a minimum of one year of Canadian work experience and have lived in the country for at least one year out of the last three years.
The government of Canada has also introduced an additional pathway that allows temporary residents to transition to permanent residents. This program has six streams for candidates with experience in high-demand occupations such as healthcare, as well as a pathway for international students.
From May 2021 until November 2021, there were four bilingual programs for English and French speakers, while the other three were for French speakers only. The bilingual programs ran from May until November 2021.